Jerusalem Vineyard Winery harvests its grapes from some of the finest wine growing regions in Israel, including the Judean Hills, Mount Carmel and Galilee. Management of the vineyards takes place with great attention to detail. All activity is strictly controlled by the winemaker, who monitors the vineyards through the seasons. Decisions of how to prune, the watering regime and when to harvest are decided by the winemaker in discussions with agronomists and vineyard managers.
The Central Mountains, comprising the Judean Hills and Shomron Hills, make up the high elevation, spine of the country. Elevations are between 800 to 850 meters above sea level. The high altitude brings about a relatively cool climate. The area is the recipient of constant breezes, temperatures fall sharply at nighttime and there is a low humidity, resulting in less vine disease. Soils are shallow terra rossa, on a deep bedrock of limestone. Vegetation is sparse. The prime vineyard area for the Jerusalem VW, is the Shilo area and they also receive fruit from Mount Bracha. The Biblical story of the Jewish people has its historic roots in this region.
JUDEAN FOOTHILLS & JUDEAN PLAIN
Jerusalem VW also has vineyards in the rolling hills of the Judean Foothills (Karmei Yosef) and the Judean Plain (Mazkeret Batya, Lachish & Gedera.) Soils vary between heavy clay, sand with patches of terra rossa and chalk. The region has a Mediterranean climate, experiencing high humidity, but with cooling sea breezes from the west. There is much evidence of ancient winemaking in this area.
There are many vineyards in the valleys surrounding the southern slopes of Mount Carmel. This is Israel’s most traditional wine region. It is here that Baron Edmond de Rothschild decided to found a modern Israel wine industry, planting vineyards in the 1880’s. The area is overlooking the Mediterranean Sea and enjoys cooling breezes from the sea, which ventilate the vines and have a moderating effect on temperature. Jerusalem VW’s vineyards are in the Zichron Ya’acov, Givat Nili region. The stony soils are a mixture of chalk and clay.
The Galilee is one of Israel’s finest wine regions in the north of the country. It is arguably Israel’s most beautiful region with forests, stony ridges, mountains and streams. Altitudes range from 400 to 800 meters above sea level. Soils are a patchwork of gravel, terra rossa and volcanic. Jerusalem VW’s vineyards in the Galilee come from the Upper Galilee, near the border with Lebanon, and the Mount Gilboa area, 500 meters above sea level.